What does feminine fertility mean?

Fertility is defined as the ability of the human being to reproduce.

Women are fertile throughout their menstrual cycle yet during some days the probability of conceiving is increased; those are known as fertile days.

Fertility reaches its higher level when the oocyte is released from the ovary, which occurs during ovulation. Over the course through the Fallopian tubes, the oocyte becomes highly fecundable. When this oocyte reaches the uterus without being fertilized, it will be swept away along with menstruation.

Although the oocyte is located in the Fallopian tubes only during 24 hours, it is considered that the woman is most fertile during 4-5 days: which is how long the spermatozoa are able to survive inside the uterus  and to fertilize the oocyte.

What do we mean when talking about “fertility preservation”?

Fertility preservation is referred to all those techniques focused on protecting or maintaining, specifically, cells or tissue from a woman’s reproductive system in order to reestablish the patient’s fertility in the future.

These techniques are instructed in situations where fertility is compromised such as:


The fertility’s reduction due to an aging factor is related to a progressive decrease on the quality and quantity of oocytes, since women have a limited stock of them.


The treatments against oncological diseases, such as cancer and neoplasms, have a deleterious impact to the gonads, namely ovaries, which may affect to the ability to reproduce.


The procedures aimed to preserve this fertility are also instructed in situations of feminine genital tract diseases, genetic disorders and autoimmune diseases.


What is feminine fertility preservation?


When, and why, is fertility compromised?


How to preserve fertility?